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Settlement permit EU

The permanent residence permit is a key concept in European Union immigration policy, allowing third-country nationals to live and work in an EU member state on a long-term basis. This article provides a detailed overview of the EU settlement permit, its meaning, the requirements for it and the application process.

What is the EU settlement permit?

The EU settlement permit, also known as the EU permanent residence permit, is a type of residence permit, which enables citizens of non-EU countries, so-called third-country nationals, to live permanently in an EU member state. Holders of such a permit have the right to live, work and study in the relevant EU country and have many of the same rights as EU citizens.

Prerequisites for the EU settlement permit

The exact requirements for obtaining an EU settlement permit can vary depending on the member state. However, there are some general requirements that apply across the EU:

  1. Permanent Residence: The applicant must have lived legally in the relevant EU country for at least five consecutive years.
  2. Sufficient financial resources: The applicant must prove that they have sufficient financial resources to support themselves (and any dependent family members) without having to claim social assistance.
  3. Health insurance: The applicant must have comprehensive medical insurance for themselves and all dependent family members.
  4. No danger to public safety or order: The applicant must not pose a threat to public security or order.

The application procedure for the EU settlement permit

The application process for an EU settlement permit usually begins with the relevant immigration authority in the relevant EU country. The applicant must provide all the required documentation proving that they meet the above requirements. For example, this may include proof of permanent residency, financial resources, and health insurance coverage.

After examining the application and the documents, the authority will make a decision. If the decision is positive, the applicant will be granted an EU settlement permit. If the application is rejected, the applicant has the right to appeal or to submit the application again at a later date if the requirements are met.

It should be noted that the exact terms and procedures may vary by country. Therefore, it is important that the applicant thoroughly researches the specific requirements in the country of their choice.


The EU settlement permit is an important part of EU immigration policy and offers third-country nationals the opportunity to live and work permanently in an EU country. It represents a long-term commitment and investment in life within the EU and opens up a multitude of opportunities and rights that are otherwise reserved for EU citizens only.

It's a process that requires care, planning and patience. But the reward is a permanent status that offers a high level of stability and freedom and lays the foundation for permanent life in the European Union.